Drug withdrawal is a reaction the body can have if a person suddenly stops using drugs or alcohol. This can occur if the person has been using drugs or alcohol regularly. Depending on the type and amount of drug you were using, withdrawal can be a life-threatening condition.
Drug withdrawal can be caused by medications, alcohol, or illegal drugs.
Factors that increase your chances of drug withdrawal include:
Sudden stopping of
- Substance abuse
- Physical dependency on drugs or alcohol
Withdrawal symptoms are different based on what you used. Symptoms may include:
- Marijuana—loss of appetite, chills, weight loss, trouble sleeping or sleeping too much, irritability, feeling restless or nervous
Alcohol—shaking, hallucinations, seizures, confusion,
anxiety, sweating, nausea
- Barbiturates—weakness, tremors, hallucinations, lack of appetite, seizures
Opioids—abdominal pain or cramps, muscle aches, panic, tremors, sweating, nausea,
diarrhea, fever, chills, irritability, goose pimples, runny nose, drug craving, inability to sleep, yawning
- Benzodiazepines—abdominal pain or cramps, fast heartbeat, vomiting, tremors, seizures, anxiety
Cocaine—anxiety, feeling tired,
- Amphetamines—depression, irritability, sleeping too much, muscle aches, abdominal pain
Anxiety is a symptom of drug withdrawal from substances like cocaine and alcohol.
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Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your doctor may recommend blood and urine tests.
Talk with your doctor about the best
treatment plan for you.
include one or more of the following:
This is the first step in treating substance abuse. You will be closely checked for signs of withdrawal. You may be given medications to reduce cravings. Medications will also help to reduce withdrawal symptoms, which can be severe. Treatment is targeted to the specific symptoms and drugs used.
You may need to enroll in a rehabilitation program. This treatment uses behavioral therapy to prevent you from using drugs in the future. Behavioral therapy may include the following:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy
teaches you how to recognize and avoid situations that may lead to drug abuse.
helps you and your family look at patterns of drug abuse. Strategies are suggested to avoid future abuse.
uses positive reinforcement to prevent drug use.
Residential treatment is sometimes needed. The typical stay is 6-12 months. These facilities will help you learn how to live a drug-free life.
offer continued support for a drug- or alcohol-free life. Some support groups are Narcotics Anonymous, Cocaine Anonymous, and Alcoholics Anonymous.
To help reduce your chances of developing drug withdrawal, take the following steps:
- Attend regular support group meetings.
- Avoid people and situations where drugs are available.
- Inform all healthcare providers of your history with drugs.