Addictive Internet Use Tied to Depression in
MONDAY, Aug. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Teens who spend far too much
time on the Internet run the risk of developing depression, a new
Australian study suggests.
Since the 1990s, uncontrolled or unreasonable Internet use has
been identified as a problem with signs similar to other
addictions, researchers say. Pathological Internet use has been
linked with relationship problems, health problems, aggressive
behavior and other psychiatric symptoms, they added.
"Parents should be vigilant about their children's online behavior," said lead researcher Lawrence T. Lam, from the School of Medicine, Sydney, and the University of Notre Dame Australia. "Should there be any concern about young people involving problematic Internet-use behavior, professional help should be sought immediately."
This sort of behavior may be a manifestation of some underlying
problems that are more insidious, Lam said.
"Given the results obtained from the study, even mentally healthy young people may succumb to depression after a long exposure of problematic use of the Internet. The mental health consequences of problematic Internet use for those who have already had a history of psychological or psychiatric problems would be more damaging," he said.
The report is published in the Aug. 2 online edition of the
Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, in advance of publication in the October print issue.
For the study, Lam and his colleague Zi-Wen Peng, from the
Ministry of Education and SunYat-Sen University in Guangzhou,
China, collected data on pathological Internet use among 1,041
Chinese teens aged 13 to 18.
Lam and Peng tested the teens for depression and anxiety, and
questioned them about pathological Internet use and common
At the start of the study, the researchers classified 6.2
percent of the teens as having a moderately pathological Internet
problem and 0.2 percent as seriously at risk.
Nine months later, the teens were reassessed for depression and
anxiety. The researchers found 0.2 percent had symptoms of anxiety
and 8.4 percent had become depressed.
The risk of becoming depressed was 2.5 times higher among teens
who were addicted to the Internet compared with those who weren't,
Lam and Peng found.
However, there was no association between pathological Internet
use and anxiety, they noted.
"This study has a direct implication on the prevention of mental illness among young people," Lam said. "The results of the study indicated that young people who use the Internet pathologically are most at risk of mental problems and would develop depression when they continue with that behavior."
Early intervention and prevention that targets at-risk groups
with identified risk factors is effective in reducing the burden of
depression among young people, Lam added.
"Screening for at-risk individuals in the school setting could be considered as an effective early prevention strategy," he said. "Hence, a screening program for pathological use of the Internet could also be considered in all high schools in order to identify at-risk individuals for early counseling and treatment."
Michael Gilbert, a senior fellow at the Center for the Digital
Future at the University of Southern California's Annenberg School
for Communication, said that "it's not a revolutionary thought that
kids get caught up on the Internet and it can lead to certain kinds
of psychological behavior."
For Gilbert, the question remains whether or not the teens who
became depressed were at risk for depression before they became
addicted to the Internet. Moreover, were they also at risk for
other addictive behaviors.
One factor to the link between overuse of the Internet and
psychological problems like depression may be that the Internet is
actually isolating and alienating, Gilbert said.
"Parents are indicating to us that a lot of their children's friendship circles are contracting by reason of the fact they are spending too much time on the Internet," he said. "This ties in generally with the notion that Internet behavior is becoming disruptive in the family."
Spending too much time on the Internet is a so-called "process
addiction," like gambling and pornography, Gilbert said.
"We are going to see more of these problems, and [they] are especially acute in adolescence when kids are struggling with defining their social circumstances," he said.
The key for parents is to monitor their children's media time
and content, Gilbert said.
"The technology changes, the medium changes, but the issue always comes down to parents ascertaining control over their children's behavior and monitoring it," he said.
For more information on teenage depression, visit the
U.S. National Library of Medicine.
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