Research Suggests How Brain Compensates in the
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Blind people use the
visual part of their brain to heighten their senses of touch and
hearing, new research has found.
In the study, published in the Oct. 6 issue of the journal
Neuron, researchers used functional MRI to observe brain activity in 12 people who were blind from birth and 12 sighted people as they performed a set of tasks involving hearing and feeling.
"We found that the visual cortex in the blind was much more strongly activated than it was in the sighted, where visual cortex was mostly deactivated by sound and touch," lead investigator Josef P. Rauschecker, a professor in the department of physiology and biophysics at Georgetown University Medical Center, said in a Georgetown news release.
"Futhermore, there was a direct correlation between brain activity and performance in the blind. The more accurate blind people were in solving the spatial tasks, the stronger the spatial module in the visual cortex was activated," Rauschecker added.
He said the findings show that "the visual cortex in the blind
takes on these functions and processes sound and tactile
information, which it doesn't do in the sighted. The neural cells
and fibers are still there and still functioning, processing
spatial attributes of stimuli, driven not by sight but by hearing
and touch. This plasticity offers a huge resource for the
This helps explain why blind people have such advanced senses of
touch and hearing, which far exceed the abilities of sighted
people, Rauschecker said.
The American Optometric Association has more on
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