Community Has a Role in Health of Low-Income
MONDAY, Feb. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Living in a connected
community may protect poor teens from health risks such as smoking
or obesity, researchers have found.
In a study of low-income and middle-income families, Cornell
University researchers asked 17-year-olds and their mothers to
provide information about social capital, which is a measure of how
connected their community is and the degree of social control.
For example, the mothers answered a question regarding whether
one of their neighbors would do something if they saw someone
trying to sell drugs to a child or youth, and the teens responded
to a question about whether there were adults they could go to for
advice, explained the researchers.
The teens also provided information on their health behaviors,
such as smoking, and had their height and weight measured to
determine their body-mass index (BMI).
Compared to middle-class teens, poor teens were more likely to
smoke and have a higher BMI. But poor teens who had more social
capital were less likely to smoke and tended to have lower BMIs
than those with less social capital, according to the report
published in the January issue of the journal
Previous research has shown that children who grow up in poverty
are more likely to have health problems as adults.
"You may be able to loosen those connections between early childhood poverty and negative health outcomes if you live in a community with good social resources," lead author Gary W. Evans said in a news release from the Association for Psychological Science.
The American Academy of Family Physicians offers tips for
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