Lawmakers Urged to Consider Health Effects of Major
TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Because policies that don't
specifically deal with health can still influence Americans'
well-being, the potential health effects of major legislation or
regulations need to be considered by all levels of government, says
an Institute of Medicine report released Tuesday.
Federal and local government also need to update legislation to
meet current challenges, such as the obesity epidemic and the
threat of bioterrorism, the report said.
The authors noted that policies enacted in one area can have
wide-reaching health implications. For instance, agricultural
subsidies influence the availability and affordability of certain
foods; zoning policies affect the number of parks; and education
policies have an impact on children's intellectual and physical
"The law has been an essential factor for improving the public's health through policies such as decreasing tobacco use, increasing road safety, and ensuring the greater healthfulness of our food and water," report committee chair Marthe Gold, a professor and chair of community health and social medicine at City College of New York, said in an IOM news release.
"Our report recommends several actions that will ensure that federal, state, and local public health agencies make full use of a broad array of proven legal tools that can improve population health," she said.
The report, sponsored by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation,
also urged federal and state policymakers to review and revise
public health laws to tackle today's health challenges.
"Many public health statutes defining the roles and authorities of government health agencies have not been updated in decades and lack specific power to address current needs," the authors wrote in the news release.
"Public health laws need to provide health agencies the authority to address concerns such as obesity and other chronic diseases, injuries, substance abuse, immunization registries, and surveillance systems that could help detect bioterrorist attacks or disease outbreaks," they continued.
Also, federal and state governments should establish minimum
public health standards and allow lower levels of government to
tighten the restrictions if they feel it's needed, the authors
The report also recommended that state and local governments
form health councils to work with other public agencies and private
and nonprofit groups to develop community health improvement
The IOM, under the umbrella of the National Academy of Sciences,
is charged with providing objective, evidence-based advice to
legislators, health professionals and the public.
To learn more about controlling tobacco use, visit the
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and
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