Any Exercise Benefits Kids' Heart Health:
TUESDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Even if kids spend the rest
of their time sitting around, an hour of any physical activity a
day will benefit their heart health, English researchers
Their study found that children and teens who got more moderate
to vigorous physical exercise daily than their peers had better
cholesterol levels, blood pressure and weight, which are important
for long-term health.
"Parents, schools and institutions should facilitate and promote physical activity of at least moderate intensity in all children and be less concerned about the total amount of time spent sedentary, at least in relation to these cardiovascular risk factors," said study author Ulf Ekelund, group leader of the Physical Activity Epidemiology Program at the Institute of Metabolic Science in Cambridge, England.
"We demonstrated that higher levels of physical activity of at least moderate intensity -- equal to brisk walking -- are associated with [improving] many cardiovascular disease risk factors, regardless of the amount of time these children spent sedentary," he said.
For example, those children who belonged to the most active
group had a smaller waist than those in the least active group, he
"In adults, this difference is associated with an about 15 percent increased relative risk of premature death," Ekelund said.
The type of activity is not important as long as the intensity
is at least equal to brisk walking, Ekelund said. Possibilities
include outdoor play, bicycling, dancing, aerobics, walking and
playing team sports.
However, the positive benefits of exercise don't necessarily
counteract the harmful effects of a couch-potato lifestyle, he
said. "There may be specific sedentary behaviors, such as TV
viewing, that impose health risks as TV viewing is linked to other
unhealthy behaviors [such as snacking]. Therefore, limiting TV time
is still important for children's health and well-being," Ekelund
The report was published in the Feb. 15 issue of the
Journal of the American Medical Association.
For the study, the researchers pooled information from 14
studies involving more than 20,000 children, aged 4 to 18, obtained
from an international children's database. A motion sensor measured
total activity and time spent sedentary and in moderate and
vigorous intensity activity. The actual activities they engaged in
were not recorded.
Overall, three-quarters of the children were of normal weight,
18 percent were overweight and 7 percent were obese. They spent an
average of 30 minutes per day in some form of moderate to vigorous
exercise and 354 minutes a day -- or nearly six hours --
Boys and girls who exercised more than 35 minutes a day had
lower blood pressure, lower cholesterol, lower blood sugar, lower
triglycerides and were thinner than children who exercised less
than 18 minutes a day, Ekelund's group noted.
Average waist size differed by more than two inches between the
most active and least active children and teens. And those with the
largest waist size at the study's start were the least active at
two years' follow-up.
Samantha Heller, an exercise physiologist and clinical nutrition
coordinator of the Center for Cancer Care at Griffin Hospital in
Derby, Conn., said that "there is absolutely no reason for our
children to be fat, sedentary and at risk for cardiovascular
"Exercise, in whatever form it takes, is fantastic for children and teens -- and adults," she said.
Even children who are not cut out for competitive sports, have
the innate need to be physically active, Heller said.
"Parents and caregivers need to limit tech time -- computers, iPads, texting, TV -- and let kids be kids, running around playing," she said.
Grown-ups must get involved too, Heller said. "They can jump
rope, play tag and throw the Frisbee with the children. Kids will
do better in school, develop social skills, enhance coordination,
[and] be happier and healthier for it."
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