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More Neighborhood Bars Linked to Domestic Violence

More Neighborhood Bars Linked to Domestic Violence

02/17/12

FRIDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Having a high number of bars or pubs in a neighborhood is associated with visits to hospital emergency departments due to domestic violence, a new study finds.

But there is no such link with restaurants that serve alcohol, according to the researchers who examined the connection between alcohol-outlet densities and domestic violence cases in California emergency rooms between July 2005 and December 2008.

The study appears online and in the May print issue of the journal Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

Researchers knew that alcohol increases emergency department visits for domestic violence on an individual level, but wanted to further examine certain neighborhood characteristics, study corresponding author Carol Cunradi, a senior research scientist at the Prevention Research Center, said in a journal news release.

The researchers also looked at off-premise outlets: liquor stores and grocery stores that sell alcohol.

"The key findings of the study are that the density of bars was positively associated with [emergency department visits from domestic violence], and the density of off-premise outlets was negatively associated with [these visits]," Cunradi said.

"For the latter finding, the association was weaker and smaller than the bar association," she said, and there was no association between restaurant density and emergency department visits for domestic violence.

"Further research is needed to understand the mechanisms that underlie these associations," she added.

Emergency visits represent a much more serious level of domestic violence than police reports, according to Cunradi.

"Police-reported cases may involve threatening behavior, property damage, loud arguments and physical aggression that may or may not result in injury," she said. "In contrast, [emergency department] visits are, by definition, injuries requiring medical attention."

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more about intimate partner violence.

Copyright © 2012 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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