More Neighborhood Bars Linked to Domestic
FRIDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Having a high number of bars
or pubs in a neighborhood is associated with visits to hospital
emergency departments due to domestic violence, a new study
But there is no such link with restaurants that serve alcohol,
according to the researchers who examined the connection between
alcohol-outlet densities and domestic violence cases in California
emergency rooms between July 2005 and December 2008.
The study appears online and in the May print issue of the
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.
Researchers knew that alcohol increases emergency department
visits for domestic violence on an individual level, but wanted to
further examine certain neighborhood characteristics, study
corresponding author Carol Cunradi, a senior research scientist at
the Prevention Research Center, said in a journal news release.
The researchers also looked at off-premise outlets: liquor
stores and grocery stores that sell alcohol.
"The key findings of the study are that the density of bars was positively associated with [emergency department visits from domestic violence], and the density of off-premise outlets was negatively associated with [these visits]," Cunradi said.
"For the latter finding, the association was weaker and smaller than the bar association," she said, and there was no association between restaurant density and emergency department visits for domestic violence.
"Further research is needed to understand the mechanisms that underlie these associations," she added.
Emergency visits represent a much more serious level of domestic
violence than police reports, according to Cunradi.
"Police-reported cases may involve threatening behavior, property damage, loud arguments and physical aggression that may or may not result in injury," she said. "In contrast, [emergency department] visits are, by definition, injuries requiring medical attention."
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more
intimate partner violence.
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