Revised Sunscreen Labels Should Help Consumers Make Wiser Choices05/20/13
MONDAY, May 20 (HealthDay News) -- Dermatologists are saying
that new federally mandated labeling laws for sunscreens should
help Americans make smarter choices when it comes to products that
provide the best sun protection.
The new labels required by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration
(FDA) must provide information about whether a sunscreen will
protect against skin cancer in addition to sunburn, and will also
have to indicate whether a sunscreen is water-resistant, according
to the American Academy of Dermatology.
All sunscreens that don't meet the new FDA testing requirements
have to have warning labels that outline their sun-protective
A new survey of 1,400 sunscreen products by the Environmental
Working Group found that most products meet the new FDA
requirements. Still, one in seven products reviewed by the watchdog
group claimed a sun protection factor, or SPF, rating higher than
50 -- a claim viewed with skepticism by many dermatologists. SPF
numbers like 100 or 150 can give people a false sense of security,
prompting them to stay in the sun long after a product's
sun-protecting properties have worn off, the
"The high SPF numbers are just a gimmick," Marianne Berwick, professor of epidemiology at the University of New Mexico, told the AP. "Most people really don't need more than an SPF 30 and they should reapply it every couple of hours."
Discussing the new FDA labeling requirements, dermatologist Dr.
Zoe Draelos, a consulting professor at the Duke University School
of Medicine, said, "Sunscreen has always been an important tool in
the fight against skin cancer, and these new regulations will
greatly improve the consumer's ability to make smart decisions --
at a glance -- about a product's effectiveness simply by reading
"Everyone, regardless of skin color, can get skin cancer, which is why it is important for people to properly protect themselves from the sun's harmful rays," Draelos said in an American Academy of Dermatology news release.
To reduce your risk of skin cancer and early aging, the academy
recommends using a sunscreen with the following features listed on
- Broad spectrum, which means the sunscreen protects against UVB
and UVA rays.
- A sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or higher. SPF 15 is the
FDA's minimum recommendation for protection, but the academy
recommends an SPF of at least 30.
- Water-resistant for up to either 40 or 80 minutes. This means
the sunscreen provides protection while swimming or sweating for
the length of time listed on the label.
Sunscreen makers are no longer allowed to claim that a sunscreen
is "waterproof" or "sweatproof" because the FDA has determined that
those terms are misleading.
In addition to sunscreen, the academy recommends wearing
sun-protective clothing, seeking shade and avoiding tanning
At current rates, one in five Americans will be diagnosed with
skin cancer in their lifetime.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has more about
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