Sibling Bullying Can Lead to Depression, Anxiety in Victims06/17/13
MONDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- Being picked on by your
brother or sister may seem like a normal part of growing up, but
for some kids the bullying may be a source of depression and
anxiety, a new study suggests.
Researchers found that among 3,600 kids in a U.S. survey, those
who were pushed around by a sibling -- physically or verbally --
had higher scores on a measure of depression and anxiety
"Historically, sibling aggression has been dismissed as normal," said lead researcher Corinna Jenkins Tucker, an associate professor of family studies at the University of New Hampshire. "It's been seen as benign, or even good for kids because it teaches them something about dealing with the world."
In general, parents and other adults tend to be more tolerant
when siblings smack or taunt each other -- even if they would never
condone it among peers.
But Tucker said her findings suggest that parents should not
turn a blind eye to their kids' fights and teasing.
The study, reported online June 17 in the journal
Pediatrics, has a number of limitations, Tucker
acknowledged. One is that the children and parents were interviewed
at one point in time, so it's not clear that the sibling aggression
actually led to the poorer mental health.
"We can't say it's the cause," Tucker said. "But we can say there's a link."
An expert not involved in the study agreed that the one-time
interview is an issue. "If you're feeling bad on the day you're
interviewed, you may remember more instances of aggression," said
William Copeland, an assistant professor of psychiatry and
behavioral sciences at Duke University School of Medicine, who
studies bullying and kids' mental health.
On top of that, it's tough to disentangle the effects of sibling
bullying from other parts of a child's life. "We don't know, for
example, how parents in the study responded to the aggression,"
Copeland said. "I'd like to know more about the family
Still, he said, the findings shed some light on an issue that
has gotten little attention compared with schoolyard bullying. "I
think this shows us we need to address aggression no matter where
it happens," Copeland said.
The findings are based on telephone interviews with nearly 3,600
children and their parents. Tucker's team used standard
questionnaires to gauge the kids' levels of anger, depression and
anxiety, and asked them about episodes of bullying -- from siblings
and peers -- in the past year.
Overall, one-third of kids said they'd been the target of one
type of sibling bullying: physical; verbal abuse, such as
name-calling; or having their things stolen or purposely
In general, those kids had more mental health symptoms than
those who reported no sibling bullying. And that was true, Tucker
said, even when the researchers compensated for things such as
bullying at school, parents' education levels and kids' exposure to
family violence in general.
The findings leave a lot of unanswered questions, such as how
severe and lasting any mental health symptoms might be. "Is this a
short-term thing, or do these problems last?" Copeland asked.
It's also not clear whether it makes a difference if the
bullying comes from a sibling who is much older or around the same
age -- or whether it's between sisters, brothers or sisters and
brothers, Tucker said.
But she and Copeland both said it's safe to assume that parents'
reactions to their kids' aggression matters. "Let your kids know
this is something you won't tolerate," Copeland said. Even if the
bullying doesn't stop, he noted, kids may get a lot of comfort
knowing they can turn to their parents for help.
"If there's no real escape for kids," he said, "that could make it a lot worse."
The American Academy of Pediatrics has advice on dealing with
Copyright © 2013
. All rights reserved.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.