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Solid Food Timing for Babies Tied to Diabetes Risk

Solid Food Timing for Babies Tied to Diabetes Risk

07/09/13

TUESDAY, July 9 (HealthDay News) -- Infants who receive their first solid food either early or late -- before the age of 4 months or at 6 months or older -- are at increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes, new research suggests.

Type 1 diabetes is on the rise worldwide, with some of the fastest increases among children younger than 5 years of age. Infants' diets are one major area of research into the origins of the disease, according to the background information in the study appearing online July 8 in JAMA Pediatrics.

The study looked at infants in the Denver area who had first-degree relatives with type 1 diabetes. Infants who were given solid food for the first time either earlier or later than other infants were at increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes.

Early exposure to fruit and late exposure to rice or oats were associated with an increased risk, while breast-feeding when wheat or barley were introduced appeared to be associated with a reduced risk, according to a journal news release.

"Our data suggest multiple foods/antigens play a role and that there is a complex relationship between the timing and type of infant food exposures and [type 1 diabetes] risk," wrote Brittni Frederiksen, at the Colorado School of Public Health at the University of Colorado, and colleagues.

Although the study found an association between the age of introduction of solid foods and development of type 1 diabetes in higher-risk children, it did not establish a cause-and-effect relationship.

"In summary, there appears to be a safe window in which to introduce solid foods between 4 and 5 months of age; solid foods should be introduced while continuing to breast-feed to minimize [type 1 diabetes] risk in genetically susceptible children. These findings should be replicated in a larger [study] for confirmation," the authors concluded.

More information

The Nemours Foundation has more about type 1 diabetes.

Health NewsCopyright © 2013 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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