Health Highlights: March 6, 201403/06/14
Here are some of the latest health and medical news
developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay:
Early Treatment May Have Cured HIV Infection in Second Baby:
A second baby who was born with HIV infection may have been
cured by receiving treatment soon after birth, doctors said
Wednesday at an AIDS conference in Boston.
The first case, which was announced last April and involved a
baby girl in Mississippi, made doctors worldwide reconsider how
soon and aggressively to treat infants born with HIV, the
That baby, who began treatment 30 hours after birth, is now 3
1/2 years old and appears to be HIV-free, even though she hasn't
received any treatment for about two years.
In the newer case, the baby girl in Los Angeles received
treatment four hours after birth and her HIV infection appears to
be in remission, according to doctors. However, the state of her
infection is unclear because she is still receiving AIDS
"We don't know if the baby is in remission ... but it looks like that," Dr. Yvonne Bryson, an infectious disease specialist at Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA who consulted on the girl's care, told the AP.
She added that the medical team is being cautious about claiming
the baby girl has been cured, "but that's obviously our hope."
A number of tests suggest that the baby is clear of HIV,
according to Dr. Deborah Persaud, a Johns Hopkins University doctor
in charge of the testing. The test results are different than those
seen in patients whose HIV infections are merely suppressed by
treatment, she explained.
The L.A. baby's mother had HIV but was not taking her HIV
medicines. She received AIDS drugs during labor in an attempt to
protect her baby from infection. But the girl was infected and
began treatment a few hours after birth, the
The Mississippi girl received HIV drugs until she was 18 months
old, at which point the doctors lost contact with her. When they
saw her 10 months later, she had no signs of HIV infection even
though her mother had not been giving her AIDS medicines.
A new U.S. government study will examine whether very early
treatment can cure HIV infection in newborns. It will include about
60 infants in the U.S. and other countries. They will receive very
aggressive treatment that will be halted if long-term testing shows
they no longer have active infection, the
Children's Deaths Highlight Dangers of Storage Chests
The recent suffocation deaths of two children in Massachusetts
have prompted federal officials to remind people about the
potential dangers of storage, cedar, hope and toy chests.
The brother and sister died in January after they were trapped
inside a 75-year-old Lane cedar chest that was recalled in the
mid-1990s, the Consumer Product Safety Commission said.
Since 1996, a total of 34 children younger than 18 have died in
incidents involving chests. The lids on many chests can
automatically latch shut and trap children inside them, or lid
supports on chest lids can fail and falling lids can trap children
by the head or neck and cause strangulation.
Many homes have older chests that were passed down as family
heirlooms or bought used.
The CPSC is working with sellers of used furniture to ensure
that store managers and staff do not accept or sell chests that
have been recalled or pose a threat to children. The agency also
urged people not to buy or sell any recalled chest that has not
About 27 companies have taken action to correct more than 14
million storage and toy chests that posed a suffocation,
strangulation or injury risk, the CPSC said.
If you have a chest with an automatic latch/lock, disable or
remove it. If a chest's lid support does not keep the lid open in
every position, replace it with a spring-loaded lid support that
keeps the lid open in any position. All toy chest should have
ventilation holes that are not blocked by the floor or a wall, the
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