Premature Menopause May Affect Women's Brains05/09/14
FRIDAY, May 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Premature menopause may
increase a woman's risk of mental decline later in life, according
to a new study.
Compared to those who began menopause after age 50, women with
premature menopause were 40 percent more likely to do poorly on
verbal and visual memory tests, the study found. They also had a 35
percent higher risk of decline in psychomotor speed (coordination
between the brain and the muscles that brings about movement) and
overall mental function.
Menopause typically occurs at about age 50, but can begin
between ages 41 and 45 (early menopause) or at or around age 40
(premature menopause). Early and premature menopause can occur
naturally or be caused by surgical removal of the ovaries.
Of the more than 4,800 women in the study, nearly 8 percent had
premature menopause. All of the participants underwent mental
skills tests at the start of the study and again two, four and
seven years later.
There was no significant association between premature menopause
and increased risk of dementia, according to the study published
May 7 in
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and
There was some evidence that using hormone treatment at the time
of premature menopause might benefit visual memory, but could also
increase the risk of verbal problems, according to Dr. Joanne Ryan,
of Hospital La Colombiere in Montpellier, France.
"With the aging population, it is important to have a better understanding of the long term effects of a premature menopause on later-life cognitive function and the potential benefit from using menopausal hormone treatment," Pierre Martin Hirsch, BJOGdeputy editor-in-chief, said in a journal news release.
"This study adds to the existing evidence base to suggest premature menopause can have a significant impact on cognitive function in later life, which healthcare professionals must be aware of," he added.
The U.S. Office on Women's Health has more about
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